E-Bike Regulations

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E-Bike Rules

The rules for e-bikes on public roads, side-walks, and pathways are under state jurisdiction, and vary.

E-Bike'S In BC pronice, Canada
The current regulations define an "electric bicycle", a bicycle equipped with fully operable pedals and an electric motor of less than 500 watts, detailed info please see as bellows:

Motor Vehicle Act


[includes amendments up to B.C. Reg. 56/2018, March 22, 2018]



1  The motors of a motor assisted cycle must

(a)be electric motors,

(b)have continuous power output ratings that in total do not exceed 500 watts, and

(c)not be capable of propelling the motor assisted cycle at a speed greater than 32 km/hr on level ground.

[en. B.C. Reg. 56/2018, s. 1.]


2   (1)The wheels of a motor assisted cycle must be 350 mm or more in diameter.

(2)A motor assisted cycle must not have more than 3 wheels in contact with the ground.

Motor shut-off requirement

3   (1)A motor assisted cycle must be equipped with a mechanism, separate from the accelerator controller, that

(a)allows the driver to turn the motors on and off from a normal seated position while operating the motor assisted cycle, or

(b)prevents the motors from turning on or engaging before the motor assisted cycle attains a speed of 3 km/hr.

(2)The motors of a motor assisted cycle must turn off or disengage if

(a)the operator stops pedaling,

(b)an accelerator controller is released, or

(c)a brake is applied.

[am. B.C. Reg. 56/2018, s. 2.]


4  A motor assisted cycle must not be equipped with a generator, alternator or similar device powered by a combustion engine.

Brake performance requirement

5   (1)A motor assisted cycle must be equipped with brakes on all wheels or on each axle.

(2)The braking system must be capable of bringing the motor assisted cycle, while being operated at a speed of 30 km/hr, to a full stop within 9 m from the point at which the brakes were applied.

Drive system and equipment securement

6  The motor drive systems and all energy storage devices of a motor assisted cycle must be secured to prevent movement in any direction relative to the motor assisted cycle while the motor assisted cycle is operating.

[am. B.C. Reg. 56/2018, s. 3.]

Electrical terminals

7  All electrical terminals on a motor assisted cycle must be completely insulated or covered.

[Provisions relevant to the enactment of this regulation: Motor Vehicle Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 318, s. 182.1]

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